Aswan High Dam

As one of the most important achievements of the last century in Egypt, Aswan High Dam, for many years was responsible for around 50 % of the electricity production in Egypt, providing electricity to most of Egypt’ villages for the first time. By regulating the flow of the river, the dam also increased the cultivatable land in Egypt by around 30% and allowed development in new areas that were previously inundated annually when the river flooded.

Only a few decades after the completion of the first dam, its regulatory effect was so unsatisfactory that plans for extension and improvement were urgently needed. President Nasser, who gained power in 1952 energetically supported a project for which Britain, the USA and the World Bank promised him financial help. When the western powers withdrew their financial backing in 1956 due to Nasser’s policy of neutrality, Nasser sought a new partner. He found it in the Soviet Union, which aided Egypt with credit and the help of about 2,000 engineers and technical workers.

This article contains information about visiting Aswan High Dam including:

The location and specifications of Aswan Dam

Aswan Dam located near Aswan, the world famous High Dam was an engineering miracle when it was built in the 1960. It contains 18 times the material used in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. The Dam is 11,811 feet long, 3215 feet thick at the base and 364 feet tall, Today it provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt and together with the old Aswan Dam built by the British between 1898 and 1902, 6km down river, gorgeous views for visitors, From the top of the two Mile long High Dam you can look across Lake Nassar, the huge reservoir created when it was built to Kalabsha temple in the south and the huge power station to the north.

The Aswan High Dam was wonderful project, In fact it was one of the most important achievements of the last century in Egypt, for many years symbolizing the New Era after 1952.

The Aswan High Dam, about 7km/4mi above the old dam, is mainly a gigantic pile of gravel, rubble and sand around a clay core, covered by a concrete mantle. More than 40 million cubic metres of material were used.

It is just 4km/2.4mi long and 111m/366ft high. The dam is 980m/1,070yd wide at its base; at the top, it narrows to 40m/130ft. There is a blossom-shaped monument at the western end.

The hydroelectric power plant at the high dam has 12 Francis turbines that produce an average of 1.1 gigawatts of electricity; the power is transmitted all the way to Cairo. Thle power is essential for the industrial development of the Nile valley. The high dam blocks the Nile to form Lake Nasser, which has a surface area of 6,000 sq km/2,317 sq mi. One third of the 500km/ 300mi long and 35km/21mi wide lake lies on Sudanese state territory. Lake Nasser is the third largest manmade lake on the planet and has a volume of 165 billion cubic metres. Most of the water is used for irrigation purposes. But a large amount also evaporates.

A pumping station is currently being built at Lake Nasser, which is supposed to help irrigate parts of the south-western Egyptian desert. A new settlement and economic area for about 3 million people is supposed to be constructed there.

When was the high dam built?

When construction began on the High Dam in 1960, it was the most heralded part of President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s effort to develop Egypt for all Egyptians. While the dam is certainly not the largest in the world, it is an impressive engineering feat nonetheless, over 360 feet tall and 12,500 feet across.

The dam was completed in 1971 and the huge reservoir behind it, named for President Nasser, finished filling in 1979.

How to Visit Aswan Dam?

The dam is only about a 15-minute drive south of Aswan so a visit is easy even if your time in the city is limited. It is an impressive sight and views south over Lake Nasser and north toward the old Aswan Dam are spectacular. Don’t be deterred by the tight security. The dam is heavily guarded since it would wash most of Egypt into the Mediterranean if it burst.

How much does it cost to visit the Aswan High Dam?

Tickets, which cost 100 Egyptian pounds (approximately $6) can be purchased at the entrance’s gate. 

The benefits and effects of Aswan High Dam

In May 1964, the canal on the eastern Nile shore was opened. The high dam was inaugurated in January 1971. Nearly 30,000 Egyptian workers had participa-ted in the creation of this gigantic structure. The rising floods necessitated the resettlement of about 140,000 Nubians and Sudanese, as well as one of the most unusual international rescue programmes for the preservation of monuments. Numerous monuments were removed from their old location and rebuilt in new places.

The benefits of the high dam

The Aswan High Dam yields enormous benefits to the economy of Egypt, The first time in history, the annual Nile flood can be controlled by man, The dam detain the floodwaters, releasing them when needed to maximize their utility on irrigated land, to water hundreds of thousands of new acres, to develop navigation in Aswan, and to generate enormous amounts of electric power.

When the dam first reached peak output it produced around half of Egypt’s entire electricity production (about 15% by 1998) and allowed for the connection of most Egyptian villages to electricity for the first time.

The dam has also provided much needed water for irrigation, as well as producing electricity from the hydroelectric output of the river, The dam helped Egypt to reach its highest ever level of electric production, granting many small villages the luxury of using electricity for the first time. Prepare yourself for a particularly sightseeing experience in Aswan with Bastet Travel

The Egyptian countryside benefited from the Aswan High Dam through improved irrigation as well as electrification. The dams also protected Egypt from the droughts in 1972–73 and 1983–87 that devastated East and West Africa. The High Dam allowed Egypt to reclaim about 2.0 million feddan (840,000 hectares) in the Nile Delta and along the Nile Valley, increasing the country’s irrigated area by a third. The increase was brought about both by irrigating what used to be desert and by bringing under cultivation of 385,000 ha that were previously used as flood retention basins. About half a million families were settled on these new lands. In particular the area under rice and sugar cane cultivation increased. In addition, about 1 million feddan (420,000 hectares), mostly in Upper Egypt, were converted from flood irrigation with only one crop per year to perennial irrigation allowing two or more crops per year. On other previously irrigated land, yields increased because water could be made available at critical low-flow periods. For example, wheat yields in Egypt tripled between 1952 and 1991 and better availability of water contributed to this increase. Most of the 32 km3 of freshwater, or almost 40 percent of the average flow of the Nile that were previously lost to the sea every year could be put to beneficial use. While about 10 km3 of the water saved is lost due to evaporation in Lake Nasser, the amount of water available for irrigation still increased by 22 km3. Other estimates put evaporation from Lake Nasser at between 10 and 16 cubic km per year.

The dam powers twelve generators each rated at 175 megawatts (235,000 hp), with a total of 2.1 gigawatts (2,800,000 hp). Power generation began in 1967. When the High Dam first reached peak output it produced around half of Egypt’s production of electric power (about 15 percent by 1998), and it gave most Egyptian villages the use of electricity for the first time. The High Dam has also improved the efficiency and the extension of the Old Aswan Hydropower stations by regulating upstream flows.

The Effects of Aswan Dam

The project has always carried controversy with it. The construction displaced over 100,000 Nubian, whose civilization had called the banks of the Nile in southern Egypt and northern Sudan home for millennia, and the rising waters threatened a number of important ancient monuments and archeological sites. Despite this, the dam provides significant benefits to the people of Egypt.

The High Dam has resulted in protection from floods and droughts, an increase in agricultural production and employment, electricity production, and improved navigation that also benefits tourism. Conversely, the dam flooded a large area, causing the relocation of over 100,000 people. Many archaeological sites were submerged while others were relocated. The dam is blamed for coastline erosion, soil salinity, and health problems.

The assessment of the costs and benefits of the dam remains controversial decades after its completion. According to one estimate, the annual economic benefit of the High Dam immediately after its completion was 255 million, $587 million using the exchange rate in 1970 of $2.30 per E£1): £140 million from agricultural production, £100 million from hydroelectric generation, £10 million from flood protection, and £5 million from improved navigation. At the time of its construction, total cost, including unspecified “subsidiary projects” and the extension of electric power lines, amounted to £450 million. Not taking into account the negative environmental and social effects of the dam, its costs are thus estimated to have been recovered within only two years. One observer notes: “The impacts of the Aswan High Dam (…) have been overwhelmingly positive. Although the Dam has contributed to some environmental problems, these have proved to be significantly less severe than was generally expected, or currently believed by many people.”Another observer disagreed and he recommended that the dam should be torn down. Tearing it down would cost only a fraction of the funds required for “continually combating the dam’s consequential damage” and 500,000 hectares of fertile land could be reclaimed from the layers of mud on the bed of the drained reservoir.

Periodic floods and droughts have affected Egypt since ancient times. The dam mitigated the effects of floods, such as those in 1964, 1973, and 1988. Navigation along the river has been improved, both upstream and downstream of the dam. Sailing along the Nile is a favorite tourism activity, which is mainly done during the winter when the natural flow of the Nile would have been too low to allow navigation of cruise ships.[clarification needed] A new fishing industry has been created around Lake Nasser, though it is struggling due to its distance from any significant markets. The annual production was about 35 000 tons in the mid-1990s. Factories for the fishing industry and packaging have been set up near the Lake

Tips and advices before visiting Aswan Egypt

What do you wear on a Nile Cruise

What do you wear on a Nile Cruise?

There are no “formal nights” or other theme nights on Nile Cruises, so you can just go with resort casual. Slacks are fine, as are dresses. Bare shoulders are acceptable in the cruise dining room, so feel free to wear what you feel good in.

How Much does a Nile River Cruise Cost

How Much does a Nile River Cruise Cost?

The cost of a standard Nile River cruise between Luxor & Aswan will range from $450 to $750 for 3,4, or 7 nights. The cost of a high Luxury Nile River cruise between Luxor & Aswan will range from $790 to $1299 for 3,4, or 7 nights.

Why is Abu Simbel famous?

Why is Abu Simbel famous?

It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah, as well as to the deified Ramesses himself. It is generally considered the grandest and most beautiful of the temples commissioned during the reign of Ramesses II, and one of the most beautiful in Egypt.

How far is Abu Simbel from Luxor?

How far is Abu Simbel from Luxor?

The distance between Luxor and Abu Simbel temples is 388 km. The road distance is 477.5 km.

Is Abu Simbel worth visiting?

Is Abu Simbel worth visiting?

Absolutely! The temples of Abu Simbel are some of most impressive and unique temples you will see in Egypt, so it is well worth the visit.

What are the best tours in Luxor?

How many days do you need in Luxor?

How many days do you need in Luxor?

Luxor requires a minimum of 3 days. There is so much to see and do so you will be on the go the whole time. I’d say the minimum time needed to visit Luxor is two days, but you can easily spend longer as there are so many sites, and it’s worth taking the time to enjoy the atmosphere.

How do you get to Luxor?

How do you get to Luxor?

Egypt Air flies four times daily direct to Luxor International Airport from Cairo International Airport. Flights take one hour, and ticket prices start at around US$145 in the high season from December to February. If you’re traveling in low season, flight prices often drop.

Is Luxor worth visiting?

Is Luxor worth visiting?

Luxor and Cairo are exceedingly different places and yes Luxor is well worth visiting. This, however, doesn’t mean you have to do it. If you want to see iconic sites such as the Valley of the King’s and Karnak Temple (to name just two of the many sites in and around Luxor), then you have no choice.

Do I have to wear a hijab in Egypt?

Do I have to wear a hijab in Egypt?

Wrapping your head up, hijab style is not required in Egypt. However, you will find, if you make an effort to cover your head, that the locals are appreciative.

What does Philae mean?

What does Philae mean?

Philae in Greek or Pilak in ancient Egyptian, meaning ‘the end,’ defined the southernmost limit of Egypt. It was begun by Ptolemy II and completed by the Roman Emperors who came to power after him.

What are the powers of Isis?

What are the powers of Isis?

Powers. Isis had great powers of healing, protection, and magic. She could even cast spells on Ra. An example of her powers is when Isis brought Osiris back to life for one night.

Why was the Temple of Philae built?

Why was the Temple of Philae built?

Built to honor the goddess Isis, this was the last temple built in the classical Egyptian style. Construction began around 690 BC, and it was one of the last outposts where the goddess was worshipped. The cult of Isis continued here until at least AD 550.

Where is the temple of Philae located?

Where is the temple of Philae located?

The temple of Isis from Philae at its current location on Agilkia Island in the reservoir of Aswan low dam.

How old is Philae Temple?

How old is Philae Temple?

The oldest surviving temple buildings here date from the time of Nectanebo I (circa 370 BC) and the principal deity worshiped was Isis, although Osiris, Nephthys, Hathor, and the cataract gods Khnum and Satet were also venerated.

How old is Philae Temple?

How old is Philae Temple?

The oldest surviving temple buildings here date from the time of Nectanebo I (circa 370 BC) and the principal deity worshiped was Isis, although Osiris, Nephthys, Hathor, and the cataract gods Khnum and Satet were also venerated.

Who is Isis the goddess?

Who is Isis the goddess?

Isis was the daughter of the earth god Geb and the sky goddess Nut and the sister of the deities Osiris, Seth, and Nephthys. She was also wife to Osiris, god of the underworld, and bore him a son, Horus. … Her cult subsequently spread throughout the Roman Empire, and Isis was worshipped from England to Afghanistan.

When was Philae Temple built?

When was Philae Temple built?

280 BCE. Built during the reign of Ptolemy II (Egypt’s Greco-Roman Period), the Temple of Isis at Philae is dedicated to Isis, Osiris, and Horus.

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